Core Training During Pregnancy

Posted: Sunday, 20 May 2012 by Strength&Nutrition24/7 in Labels: , , ,

Pregnancy is a beautiful time in a woman’s life. But, pregnancy does not come without its issues. One of the  most common problems that women experience is lower back pain.

In order to deal with this issue very few exercise recommendations have been offer to those who suffer from it.

On top of this every mother is worried about maintaining their figure as close as possible during the pregnancy and returning to their sexy body as quickly as possible.

All of these issues can simply be resolved by training the core.  Currently there is very little information available to personal trainers and pregnant mothers on how to safely and appropriately train the core.

When designing a core training program for pregnant women it should be created in close cooperation of the trainer, individual and their physician.

I am attempting to bring you a look at what is suggested currently in the scientific literature related to core exercise training recommendation for specific core exercises that meet the American College of obstetrician and Gynecologists (ACOG) guidelines but have been overlooked or unmentioned in the literature.

Artal R, Clapp JF, and Vigil DV. Exercise During Pregnancy. Indianapolis, IN: ACSM Current Comment, 2000.

Artal R and O’Toole M. Guidelines of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists for exercise during pregnancy and the postpartum period. Br J Sports Med 37: 6–12, 2003.

Avery ND, Stocking KD, Tranmer JE, Davies GAL, and Wolfe LA. Fetal responses to maternal strength conditioning exercises in late gestation. Can J Appl Physiol 24:362–376, 1999.

Barakat R, Stirling JR, and Lucia A. Does exercise training during pregnancy affect gestational age? A randomised controlled trial. Br J Sports Med 42: 674–678, 2008.

Blankfield A. Is exercise necessary for the obstetric patient? Med J Aust 1: 163–165,

Borg-Stein J, Dugan S, and Gruber J. Musculoskeletal aspects of pregnancy. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 84: 180–192, 2005.

Brown LE. Resistance training during pregnancy. Strength Cond J 24: 53, 2002.

Bullard JA. Exercise and pregnancy. Can Fam Physician 27: 977–982, 1981.

Clapp JF III. Exercise during pregnancy: A clinical update. Clin Sports Med 19:273–286, 2000.

Clapp JF III. Recommending exercise during pregnancy. Contemp Obstet Gynecol 46: 30–31, 35–36, 38-40,42, 44, 49, 2001.

Depken D and Zelasko CJ. Exercise during pregnancy: Concerns for fitness professionals. Strength Cond J 18: 43–51, 1996.

George G and Berk B. Exercise before, during, and after pregnancy. Top Clin Nurs 3: 33–39, 1981.

Gilleard WL and Brown JMM. Structure and function of the abdominal muscles in primigravid subjects during pregnancy and the immediate postbirth period. Phys Ther
7: 750–762, 1996.

Hatch MC, Shu X, McLean DE, Levin B, Begg M, Reuss L, and Susser M. Maternal exercise during pregnancy, physical fitness, and fetal growth. Am J Epidemiol 37: 1105–1114, 1993.

Martens D, Hernandez B, Strickland G, and Boatwright D. Pregnancy and exercise: Physiological changes and effects on mother and fetus. Strength Cond J 28:78–82, 2006.

Peterson AM, Leet TL, and Brownson RC. Correlates of physical activity among pregnant women in the United States. Med Sci Sports Exerc 37:1748–1753,2005.

Pujol TJ, Barnes JT, and Elder CL. Resistance training during pregnancy. Strength Cond J 29: 44–46, 2007.

Schrock P, Simkin P, and Shearer M. Teaching prenatal exercise: Part II—Exercises to think twice about. Birth Fam J 8: 167–175, 1981.

Shangold MM. Exercise during pregnancy: Current state of the art. Can Fam Physician 35: 1675–1680, 1989.

Shearer MH. Teaching prenatal exercise: Part I—Posture. Birth Fam J 8: 105–108, 1981.

Stevenson L. Exercise in pregnancy, Part 1: Update on pathophysiology. Can Fam Physician 43: 97–104, 1997.

Stevenson L. Exercise in pregnancy, Part 2: Recommendations for individuals. Can Fam Physician 43: 107–111, 1997.

Talmadge A, Kravitz L, and Robergs R. Exercise during pregnancy: Research and application. Idea Health Fitness Source 18(10): 28–35, 2000.

Thompson WR, ed. American College of Sports Medicine. ACSM’s Guidelines for
Exercise Testing and Prescription. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2010. pp. 187.

Treuth MA, Butte NF, and Puyau M. Pregnancy-related changes in physical activity, fitness, and strength. Med Sci Sports Exerc 37: 832–837, 2005.

Uzendoski AM, Latin RW, Berg KE, and Moshier S. Short review: Maternal and fetal responses to prenatal exercise. J Appl Sport Sci 3: 93–100, 1989.

Welch GL. A rationale for training prior to pregnancy. Strength Cond J 17: 50–51,

Piper T.J, Jacobs E, Haiduke M, Waller M, McMillan C. Core training exercise selection during pregnancy. Strength Cond J 34(1): 55-62, 2012.